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Vallis Egeriae: see Camenae.
Vallis Murcia: see Murcia.
Vallis Vaticana: a name occurring only once (Tac. Ann. XIV.14: clausum valle Vaticana spatium in quo equos regeret), which seems to mean the low ground between the Tiber and the mons Vaticanus (see Vaticanus (4), near the present Vatican.
(pp547‑548) Vaticanus: see separate page.
(p550) Velabrum: see separate page.
Venus Cloacina: see Cloacina, sacrum.
Venus Genetrix: see Forum Iulium.
Venus in Palatio: see Ἀφροδίσιον.
(pp553‑554) Venus et Roma, templum: see separate page.
Verminus, ara: an altar of the deity of the disease of vermina in cattle, found in 1876 just north of the porta Viminalis, during the removal of p556 part of the Servian agger. The altar was erected in the first century B.C. by the duumvir A. Postumius, in accordance with a lex Plaetoria (CIL I2.804 = VI.31057). It is now in the Museo Mussolini on the Capitol, is 0.75 metre square and 1.03 high, and resembles in shape that of Aius Locutius (q.v.) on the Palatine (WR 55; BC 1876, 24‑28; OJ 1903, 142; Lanciani, Ancient Rome, 52; HF 1043; Bocconi, Mus. Cap. 289.1).
Vertumnus: see Vortumnus.
Vesta, aedicula: see Atrium Vestae.
(pp558‑559) Vesta, aedes: see separate page.
Via Nova: see Nova Via.
Via Pinciana: (Eins. 12.5): see Porta Pinciana.
Via Recta: see Via Tecta (1).
Via Sacra: see Sacra Via.
Victoria, ara: an altar in the curia Iulia (Fast. Maff. Vat. ad V Kal. Sept., CIL I2 p225, 242, 327; Herodian. VII.11.3), presumably erected by Augustus at the same time (29 B.C.) that he set up a statue of the same goddess in the same place (Cass. Dio LI.22; Suet. Aug. 100; Herodian. V.5.7). During the bitter struggle between Christianity and Paganism in the p570 fourth century, this altar was regarded as the symbol of the old religion. It was removed from the senate house first by Constantius in 357, but seems to have been restored, by Julian, no doubt, and finally banished by Gratian in 382 (Sym. Rel. 3; Ambros. Ep. I.17.4; 18.1, 7, 10, 32; 57.4‑6; Seeck, Symmachus LIII‑LIV, LVIII; WR 98, 141; Jord. I.2.251‑252).
Victoria Virgo, aedicula: a shrine dedicated by Cato 1st August, 193 B.C. prope aedem Victoriae (Liv. XXXV.9.6), two years after it had been vowed (Fast. cit. supr.).
Vicus Armilustri: see Armilustrium.
Vicus Camenarum: see Camenae.
Vicus Capitis Africae: see Caput Africae.
Vicus Cyclopis: see Antrum Cyclopis.
Vicus Epicteti (?): see Epictetenses.
Vicus Fabrici: see Compitum Fabricium.
(p574) Vicus Ianus: see Ianus.
Vicus Laci Fundani: see Lacus Fundanus.
Vicus Longi Aquilae: see Aquilenses.
p576 Vicus Loreti Minoris, Maioris: see Loretum.
Vicus Mamuri: see Clivus Mamuri.
Vicus Pallacinae: see Pallacina.
Vicus Piscinae Publicae: see Piscina Publica.
Vicus Platanonis: see Platanonis.
Vicus Portae Collinae: see Alta Semita.
Vicus Portae Naeviae: see Porta Naevia.
Vicus Portae R(a)udusculanae: see Porta Raudusculana.
Vicus Salutis: see Clivus Salutis.
Vicus Scauri: see Clivus Scauri.
Vicus Sceleratus: see Clivus Orbius.
Vicus Statuae Valerianae: see Statua Valeriana.
Vicus Summi Choragii: see Summum Choragium.
→ For additional details,
see Annas Rom Guide.
Vicus Triarii: see Clivus Triarius.
Vicus Trium Ararum: see Clivus Scauri.
Vicus Turarius: see Vicus Tuscus.
Vigiles: see Cohortium Vigilum Stationes.
Villa Coponiana: the villa of a certain Coponius, perhaps one of the two brothers, Gaius and Titus, contemporaries of Cicero (RE IV.1215). It is mentioned once (Cic. ad Att. XII.31.2: Coponianam villam et veterem et non magnam novi, silvam nobilem, fructum autem neutrius), and may pottery have been included in the Horti Drusi (q.v.; cf. Tyrrell-Purser, Correspondence of Cicero V.40).
Virgo Caelestis: A shrine of this deity, the patron of Carthage, appears to have existed on the north summit of the Capitol on the spot afterwards occupied by the church of S. Maria in Aracoeli, which took its name from a misreading of the inscription on the mediaeval high altar (NS 1892, 43, 407; Mitt. 1893, 288; DAP 2.ii.331; Hülsen, The Legend of Aracoeli in Journ. Brit. and Am. Arch. Soc. IV (1906‑12), 39‑48; HCh 323, 324; Town Planning Review XII (1927), 162; PT 135).
Virtus, ἱερόν: a shrine built by the younger Scipio after his capture of Numantia (Plut. de fort. Rom. 5), of which nothing more is known (WR 149; Rosch. I.2708).
Virtus, signum: a statue which probably stood outside the porta Collina, as the inscription recording its dedication was found in the Via Venti Settembre when the Ministero delle Finanze was being built (CIL VI.3735 = 31061: signu]m Virtuti de ea sum(ma) rest[itutum quam . . .]ius T(h)eseus Virtuti d(ono) [dederat). This is the only dedication to Virtus that has been found in Rome. The same statue is perhaps referred to by Cass. Dio (XLVIII.43.4: καὶ Ἀρετῆς ἄγαλμα πρὸ πυλῶν τινων ἑστός), and the existence of a statue or statues probably indicates a shrine (HJ 415), in or near the temple of Honos (q.v.).
Vinea Publica: apparently a public vineyard or park, known only from the inscription on a terminal cippus of 75 A.D. (CIL VI.933; cf. 31208: Imp. Caesar Vespasianus Aug. . . . locum viniae publicae occupatum a privatis per collegium pontificum restituit). This was found outside the Aurelian wall between the 'porta Ardeatina' and the porta Appia (BC 1882, 155), and probably the vinea lay south of the Bastione del Sangallo, within the limits of Region XII, if this region ever extended beyond the line of the wall.
Vivarium: an enclosure in which wild beasts intended for use in the amphitheatre were kept (cf. Gell. II.20). It is mentioned in one inscription of 241 A.D. (CIL VI.130), and by Procopius (B. G. I.22, 23). Procopius states distinctly that it was close to the porta Praenestina, that its outer walls were low without towers or battlements, and that it opened directly into the city by a gate. This description indicates a rectangular enclosure, just outside the porta Praenestina, between the Aurelian wall where it coincides with the aqua Claudia and the via Labicana (HJ 365‑367, 391‑392). In the twelfth century and later the castra Praetoria was called Vivarium, and a building just south of it the Vivariolum (Vivaiolo). This fact, together with some evidence supposed to be derived from the alleged place of discovery of the inscription, has been regarded by some as proof that the Vivarium was this building south of p583 the Castra (BC 1876, 188; 1877, 93; LS II.247‑249; Richter 298; LR 385), but this view can hardly be maintained against the direct testimony of Procopius.
(p584) Volcanal: see separate page.
Volupia, scaellum (ara, Fasti Praen.): a shrine near the Porta Romanula (q.v.) at the point where the Nova via entered the Velabrum (Varro, LL V.164; cf. VI.24; Macrob. I.10.7). It contained a statue of diva Angerona with her finger held to her lips (Plin. NH III.65; Solin. I.6), to whom sacrifice was on her festival, the Divalia or Angeronalia, on 21st December (Fast. Praen. ad XII Kal. Ian., CIL I2 p238, 337; RE I.2190; Rosch. I.350; WR 241). The exact site cannot be fixed.a
Vortumnus, signum: see Statua Vortumni.
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