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Bill Thayer

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 p563  Via Labicana

Article on pp563‑564 of

Samuel Ball Platner (as completed and revised by Thomas Ashby):
A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome,
London: Oxford University Press, 1929.

Via Labicana: * a road which diverged to the right from the via Praenestina just inside the porta Praenestina of the Aurelian wall (Liv. IV.41.8; Frontinus, de aquis 21; Hist. Aug. Did. Iul. 8; Not. app.; NS 1891, 203; BC 1892, 78). Between them, just outside it, is the Sepulcrum Eurysacis (q.v.). The fact that the gate took its name from the latter shows that the intramural portion of the road, from the porta Esquilina, should really bear the same name; though Strabo (V.3.9 p237) speaks of both roads as starting from the porta Esquilina, which has led to the impossible theory that they separated just outside the gate, rejoined just before the porta Tiburtina, and then separated again (Jord. I.1.358‑362; PBS I.139n, 149‑150). The first part of the via Labicana may have belonged to the original route to Tusculum; it ran, as its name implies, in the first instance, to Labici, 15 miles from Rome, and then joined the  p564  via Latina by crossroads at three different points. In later days, however, it very likely superseded the latter as a road for through traffic, and its summit level is 650 feet lower, and the difference in length at Ad Bivium is less than a mile. The milestones in the further portion of its course will therefore agree with either numeration (contrast CIL X p695). Administratively it seems to have been under the same curator as the via Latina (BC 1891, 112‑121). For its first milestone (Vespasian), see BC 1903, 371; NS 1903, 513; Mitt. 1903, 336; and for others, CIL X.6883. See Jord. I.1.222; T. VI.1‑121, 235‑237; X.377‑459; OJ 1902, 33; HJ 355; PBS 215‑281; IV.6‑8.

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