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Bill Thayer

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 p84  Collecting all the individual bibliotheca entries on pp84‑85 of

Samuel Ball Platner (as completed and revised by Thomas Ashby):
A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome,
London: Oxford University Press, 1929.

Bibliotheca Apollinis Palatini:* the library established by Augustus in the temple of Apollo (q.v.), perhaps opening out of the porticus or forming a part of it. It was also called the bibliotheca Palatina (Suet. de gramm. 20), and was large enough for meetings of the senate. There were two divisions of the library, one for Greek and one for Latin books, and medallion portraits of famous authors were fastened on the walls (Ov. Trist. III.1.63; Hor. Epist. I.3.17 and Scholia; Suet. Aug. 29; Plin. NH VII.210; XXXIV.43; Tac. Ann. II.37, 83; Schol. Iuv. I.128; Fronto, Ep. IV.5; Cass. Dio LIII.1; Serv. ad Ecl. IV.10; Plin. Ep. I.13; Galen XIII.362 ed. Kühn (de comp. medic. 1.1) ἡνίκα (in the fire of Commodus) τὸ τῆς Εἰρήνης τέμενος ὅλον ἐκαύθη καὶ κατὰ τὸ Παλάτιον αἱ μεγάλαι βιβλιοθῆκαι; CIL VI.5188‑91; Ihm, Centralblatt f. Bibliotheksw. 1893, 516; Hirschfeld, Verwaltungsgesch. I.186; RE III.418; JRS 1914, 201‑204; Boyd 5‑8, 32‑33; cf. also HJ 71, 72). For the history of the building, see Aedes Apollinis and Domus Augustiana (p161).

Bibliotheca Asini Pollionis: the first public library in Rome, established by Asinius Pollio in the Atrium Libertatis (q.v.) after his restoration of this building from the spoils of his Parthian campaign (Ov. Trist. III.1.71; Plin. NH VII.115; XXXV.10; Isid. Orig. VI.5.2). It contained Greek and Latin books, with portrait busts of authors, and seems to have served also as a museum for works of art in general (Plin. NH XXXVI.23, 24, 25, 33, 34, who refers to it as Asini Pollionis monumenta; Ihm, Centralblatt f. Bibliotheksw. 1893, 515).

Bibliotheca Templi d. Augusti: also called bibliotheca Templi novi, the library established by Tiberius in the temple of Augustus, and dedicated after his death (Suet. Tib. 74; Plin. NH XXXIV.43). This library was burned with the temple under Vespasian or Domitian and restored by the latter. From a reference in Martial (XII.3), it has been conjectured that the books themselves were removed after this fire and not actually replaced until just before the publication of this epigram in 101 A.D. (Friedländer, ad loc.). It is possible that this is the same library that was called bibliotheca domus Tiberianae in the fourth century (cf. Boyd 10‑15, 34). For the discussion of the identification of this library, see Augustus, Templum.

Bibliotheca Capitolina: a library on the Capitoline, maiorum cura studioque compositam (Oros. VII.16), about which nothing more is known except that it was burned during the reign of Commodus (Hier. a. Abr. 2202/189 A.D.; BC 1914, 91; Boyd 19‑20).

Bibliotheca Panthei: see Thermae Alexandrinae.

Bibliotheca Porticus Octaviae: established by Octavia after the death of Marcellus in 23 B.C. (Plut. Marc. 30; Ov. Trist. III.1.69) in the porticus Octaviae (Boyd 8‑10, 33‑34). It was arranged by C. Melissus, a freedman of Maecenas (Suet. de gramm. 21), and divided into two  p85 sections, one for Greek and one for Latin books (CIL VI.2347‑9,​1 4431‑5, 5192). Library and books were burned in 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio LXVI.24), but the books were probably replaced in the new building (Suet. Dom. 20). For the history of the building, and its parts, see Porticus Octaviae.

Bibliotheca Templi Pacis: see Pacis Templum.

Bibliotheca Domus Tiberianae: a library attached to the Domus Tiberiana on the Palatine (q.v.), mentioned only in literature of the fourth century (Gell. XIII.20.1; Hist. Aug. Prob. 2; Fronto, Ep. IV.5; see also Bibliotheca Templi D. augusti, and Boyd 14‑15, 34‑35).

Bibliotheca Ulpia: see Forum Traiani.

The Authors' Note:

1 2347 = 4431; 2349 = 5192.

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