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Bill Thayer

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Chapter 8

This webpage reproduces a section of
Italy and Her Invaders

Thomas Hodgkin

published by the Clarendon Press

The text, and illustrations except as noted,
are in the public domain.

This page has been carefully proofread
and I believe it to be free of errors.
If you find a mistake though,
please let me know!


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Note B

Vol. VII
Note A

List of the cities ceded by Aistulf to Stephen II (756)

The following are the names of the ceded cities as given by the Papal biographer, with their modern equivalents, which are in some instances conjectural.

Ancient Name Modern Name
1 Ravenna Ravenna
2 Ariminum (P) Rimini
3 Pe(n)saurum (P) Pesaro
4 Conca (P) La Cattolica, on the coast between Rimini and Pesaro.
5 Fanum (P) Fano
6 Cesenae (E) Cesena
7 Sinogalliae (P) Sinigaglia
8 Esae (P) Jesi
9 Forum Populi (E) Forlimpopoli
10 Forum Livii (E) Forlì
11 (the castrum) Sussubium (E) Castro Caro (near Forlì)
12 Mons Feletri (P) Montefeltro, now San Leo, S. W. of S. Marino
13 Acerreaggium (P) Arcevia, near Jesi
14 Mons Lucatium (E) In the territory of Cesena
15 Serra (P) Serra dei Conti, between Jesi and Fossombrone
16 Castellum Sancti Marini (P) The Republic of San Marino
17 Vobium or Bobium (P) Sarsina
18 Orbinum (P) Urbino
19 Calles (P) Cagli
20 Luciolae (P) Cantiano
21 Egubium (P) Gubbio
22 Comiaclum Comacchio
23 Narnia​1 Narni

 p223  Of these towns, fifteen (those marked with P in the above list) belonged to the Pentapolis, five (marked with E) to the Emilia. Ravenna is always spoken of as something apart (having been for some time the capital of the province Flaminia, which was succeeded by the name Pentapolis), and is therefore not here included in Emilia. Comacchio would no doubt be included in this 'provincia Ravennantium.' Narni of course is in an entirely different class from the other towns, and was probably looked upon as belonging of right to the Ducatus Romae.

A few words may be said as to the geographical terms here used, though the information has been partially given in a previous volume.​2 The province of Emilia (so called from its stretching along the great Via Aemilia), as constituted under Honorius in 396 and described by Paulus Diaconus,​3 reached from Piacenza to the neighbourhood of Ravenna, and its chief cities were Placentia, Parma, Rhegium, Bononia, and Forum Cornelii (Imola). The province of Flaminia (or more fully Flaminia et Picenum Annonarium), constituted some time after 364, had Ravenna for its capital, but chiefly consisted of the region afterwards known as the Pentapolis. The five cities from which the Pentapolis derived its name were Ariminum, Pisaurum, Fanum, Sena Gallica (or Senogallia), and Ancona. But there seems to have been another inland Pentapolis, known as the Pentapolis Annonaria or Provincia Castellorum,​4 which retained in its name a remembrance of the earlier province of Picenum Annonarium, and which probably reckoned as its five chief cities Urbinum, Forum Sempronii (Fossombrone), Aesium or Esae (Jesi), Calles (Cagli), and Eugubium (Gubbio). This inland Pentapolis lay chiefly along the Flaminian Way, where that road crossed the spurs of the Apennines.

In this Note I have chiefly followed the guidance of M. Diehl, who in his 'Études sur l'Administration Byzantine' (pp51‑63) discusses the geographical question of the limits of the two provinces with great care. But see also Marquardt's 'Römische Staatsverwaltung,' I.82: and for the identification of some of the places named by the Papal biographer the commentary in Duchesne's edition of the Liber Pontificalis (I.460).

The Author's Notes:

1 'Quae a ducato Spolitino parti Romanorum per evoluta annorum spatia fuerat invasa.'

2 Vol. VI pp515, 516.

3 H. L. II.18.

4 Ravennatis Geographia, p247 (ed. Pinder and Parthey).

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