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This webpage reproduces a section of


Ukrainian Historiography
By Oleksander Ohloblyn

published by
The Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences
in the U. S., Inc.,
1957

The text is in the public domain.

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 p391  Historiography of the Carpathian Ukraine

A short survey of historical works on the Carpathian Ukraine is offered here, since this subject was not touched upon in D. Doroshenko's A Survey of Ukrainian Historiography.

Carpathian Ukrainian historiography had its beginnings in the late eighteenth century. The first historian of the Carpathian Ukraine (Rus′) was Chief Abbot of the Basilian Monastery in Mukachevo, Ioannikiy Basylovych (1742‑1831), author of Brevis notitia fundationis Theodori Koriathovits pro religiosis Ruthenis in monte Gsernek ad Munkacs (Brief Notes of the Theodor Koriyatovych Foundation for Ruthenian Theologians in Mount Czernek near Munkacs), vols. I‑IV, Cassoviae, 1799‑1804.

In the nineteenth century problems of the history of the Carpathian Ukraine and its Church were studied by: Fr. Mykhail Luchkay whose chief work was Historia Carpato-Ruthenorum sacra et civilis, four volumes (left in manuscript form); Adolf Dobryansky, 1817‑1902; Fr. Oleksander Dukhnovych (1803‑1865); Istoriya Pryashkevskoi eparkhii (v Ugorskoi Rusi) (History of the Pryashiv Eparkhy in Hungarian Rus′), translated by Fr. K. Kustodiev, 1877; Fr. Ivan Dulishkovych: Istoricheskiya cherty ugro-russkago naroda (Historical Features of the Hungarian‑Rus′ People), vols. I‑III, Uzhhorod, 1875‑1877; Fr. Yuriy Zhatkovych (1855‑1920), whose main work was Etnografichna istoriya Uhro-russov (Ethnographic History of the Hungarian Rus′ People),  p392 1895, a part of which was published by Shevchenko Scientific Society, 1905. There were also other authors, not to mention Hungarian and German researchers, e.g., H. J. Bidermann and others.

Research in the history of the Carpathian Ukraine widened in the twentieth century: works of Oleksiy Petrov, professor at St. Petersburg University, particularly his Materialy dlya istorii Ugorskoi Rusi (Materials for the History of Hungarian Rus′), vols. I‑VII, St. Petersburg, 1906‑1923; Ilarion Svyentsitsky, subsequently director of the Ukrainian National Museum in Lviv and professor at Lviv State University, main works: "Materialy po istorii vozrozhdeniya Karpatskoi Rusi" (Materials on Rebirth of Carpathian Rus′) in Sbornik Galitsko-Russkoi Matitsy, Lviv, 1905, 1908; "Obzor snoshenii Karpatskoi Rusi s Rossiei v 1‑uyu polovinu XIX v." (Review of Relation of Carpathian Rus′ with Russia in First Half of the XIX Century) in Izvestiya Otdeleniya russkago yazyka i slovesnosti Imp. Akademii Nauk, vol. XI, book 3, and separately, St. Petersburg, 1906; Antoniy Hodynka (1864‑1946), professor at Budapest University, major works: A Munkácsi Görög-Katholikus Püspökség Története (History of the Munkacs Greek-Catholic Episcopate), Budapest, 1909, and A Munkácsi Gör. Szert. Püspökség Okmánytára (Archive of Documents of Munkacs Episcopate), vol. I, Ungvar, 1911; Yevhen Perfetsky (1888‑1947), "Obzor ugrorusskoi istoriografii" (Review of Hungarian‑Rus′ Historiography) in Izvestiya Otdeleniya russkago yazyka i slovesnosti Imp. Akademii Nauk, vol. XIX, Book I, Petrograd, 1914; and "Uhors'ka Rus′-Ukrayina v XVIII st." (Hungarian Rus′-Ukraine in the XVIII Century) in Ukrayina, III‑IV, 1917; there were works by Hiyador Strypsky; Stepan Tomashivsky wrote the articles "Ugorskaya Rus′" (Hungarian Rus′) in Ukrainskii narod v ego proshlom i nastoyashchem, vol. II, Petrograd, 1916; and "Studiyi A. Petrova do istoriyi Uhors'koyi Rusy" (Studies of A. Petrov on the History of Hungarian Rus′) in ZNTSH, vol. LXXXI, 1908; Fr. Vasyl' Hadzhega; and others.

Following World War I there was a noticeable increase in  p393 studies of the history of the Carpathian Ukraine. These studies were conducted both in the Carpathian Ukraine and beyond its borders. The center of these studies in the Carpathian Ukraine was the "Prosvita" (Education) Society in Uzhhorod which published much historical material in its Naukovyi Zbirnyk (Scientific Symposium), of which fourteen volumes came out.288 Many studies, articles and much documentary material on Carpatho-Ukrainian history were published in Zapysky ChSVV and in other Galician and foreign publications.

Working on Carpatho-Ukrainian history were: Professor Oleksiy Petrov (deceased 1932),289 Karpatoruské pomistni názvy z polov. XIX a počátku XX st. (Carpatho‑Rus′ Place-Names of the First Half of the XIX and Early XX Centuries), Prague, 1929;290 Drevneishiya gramoty po istorii Karpatorusskoi Tserkvi i ierarkhii, 1391‑1498 (The Oldest Documents Concerning History of the Carpathian Church and Hierarchy), Prague, 1930; Zadachi Karpatorusskoi Istoriografii (Tasks of Carpatho‑Rus′ Historiography), Prague, 1930;291 Antoniy Hodynka, "Documenta Koriatovicsiana et fundatio Monasterii Munkacsiensis" in Analecta Ordinis S. Basilii Magni, series II, section II, vol. I (VII), Fasc. 2‑3, 4, vol. II (VIII), fasc. 1‑2, Rome, 1950, 1953, 1954; Ilarion Svyentsitsky, "Kul'turno-natsional'nyi rukh na Zakarpatti i v Halychni v XVIII‑XIX v." (The Cultural-National Movement in Trans-Carpathia and Galicia in the XVIII‑XIX Centuries), Syohochasne i Mynule, I, 1939; Yevhen Perfetsky, professor at the University of Bratislava, on the history of Transcarpathia during the Middle Ages, the study of sources and historiography, particularly  p394 Sociálně-hospodářské poměry Podkarpatské Rusi ve stoleti XII‑XIV (Social-Economic Conditions in Carpathian Rus′ in the XII Through XIV Centuries), Bratislava, 1924; "Nejdůležitější studie o dějinách Podkarpatské Rusi" (The Most Important Studies of the History of Carpathian Rus′), Sbornik filozofickej fakulty univ. Komenského v Bratislavě, (Collected Papers of the Faculty of Philosophy of Komensky University in Bratislava), Nos. 1‑8, 1922, etc.; Fr. Vasyl' Hadzhega (1864‑1938) on the ancient history of Trans-Carpathia and church history, particularly, O pereselennyu Knyazya Fedora Koriyatovycha do Madyar­shchyny (On Immigration of Prince Fedor Koriyatovych to Hungary), Uzhhorod, 1929; Knyaz' Fedor Koriyatovych i Marmorosh (The Prince Fedor Koriyatovych and Marmorosh), Uzhhorod, 1930‑1931; see also Zapysky ChSVV, vol. IV, Nos. 1‑2; Fr. Hlib Kynakh, OSBM, on church history, ibid., vol. I, Nos. 2‑3, vol. II, Nos. 1‑2, vol. III, Nos. 3‑4, vol. IV, Nos. 1‑2; Oleksander Mytsyuk, professor at the Ukrainian Free University in Prague, Narysy sotsiyal'no-ekonomichnoyi istoriyi Pidkarpats'koyi Rusy (Outline of the Social-Economic History of Sub‑Carpathian Rus′), I‑III; Vasyl' Pachovsky (1878‑1942), author of a scientific-popular history of Trans-Carpathian Ukraine, Istoriya Podkarpats'koyi Rusy, Uzhhorod, 1921; second edition, Istoriya Sribnoyi Zemli (History of the Silver Land), Uzhhorod, 1939; the third edition, Istoriya Zakarpattya (History of Trans-Carpathia), Regensburg, 1947; and others. Also of a scientific-popular nature is M. Andrusiak's article "Narys istoriyi Karpats'koyi Ukrayiny" (Outline of the History of the Carpathian Ukraine), in the collection Karpats'ka Ukrayina (The Carpathian Ukraine), Lviv, 1939.

Bibliography

E. Perfetsky, "Obzor ugrorusskoi istoriografii" (Izvestiya Otdeleniya russkago yazyka i slovesnosti Imp. Akademii Nauk, vol. XIX, Book I, Petrograd, 1914; Review of Historiography of the Carpathian Ukraine by Joseph Racz, Revue d'histoire comparée, Budapest, 1944.


The Author's Notes:

288 Reviewed by D. I. Doroshenko: the first three volumes of Naukovyi Zbirnyk in Zapysky Istorychno-Filolohichnoho Viddilu VUAN, vols. VII‑VIII, Kiev, 1926.

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289 D. I. Doroshenko wrote an obituary on O. Petrov: "A. L. Petrov (Nachruf)" (A. L. Petrov, Obituary) in Zeitschrift für osteuropäische Geschichte, vol. VI, No. 3, 1932. Cf. also his "Pamyati A. L. Petrova" (In Memory of A. L. Petrov) in Zhivaya Mysl'V, Prague, 1932.

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290 Reviewed by D. I. Doroshenko in Jahrbücher für Kultur und Geschichte der Slaven, vol. VI, Nos. 2 and 3, 1931.

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291 Reviewed by D. I. Doroshenko in Zeitschrift für osteuropäische Geschichte, vol. VI, No. 3, 1931.


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