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Tenney Frank (b. near Clay Center, KS, 1876; † Oxford, England, 1939) was a classical scholar and historian who started his career in the sere reaches of grammar and prosody, eventually to find his true voice in the social and economic analysis of ancient Rome. The book transcribed here is, as he says in his Preface, geared to the general reader although with an eye firmly on college instruction.
|I||Early Invasions of Italy||1|
|II||Latium Before and During Etruscan Occupation||14|
|III||The Early Republic||30|
|IV||Rome's Conquest and Organization of Italy||57|
|V||Economics, Politics, and Law||76|
|VI||Rome and Carthage: the First Punic War||94|
|VII||The Second Punic War||115|
|VIII||Rome and Greece||136|
|IX||The Growth of an Eastern Protectorate||148|
|X||Roman Society in the Days of Cato||166|
|XI||The Roman Constitution||180|
|XII||The Gracchan Reforms||194|
|XIII||The Senate, the Knights, and Marius||211|
|XIV||The "Social" and Civil Wars||229|
|XV||From Sulla to Catiline||248|
|XVI||The First "Triumvirate"||272|
|XVII||The Civil War||293|
|XIX||From Autocracy to Dyarchy||332|
|XX||Government, Arts, Religion||355|
|XXI||The Business-Life of Rome||375|
|XXII||Augustus and the Empire||406|
|XXIII||The Julio-Claudian Emperors||416|
|XXIV||The Flavian Period||444|
|XXV||The Literature and Art of the First Century||462|
|XXVI||p. viii From the Tyrant Domitian to the Philosopher M. Aurelius||473|
|XXVII||Art and Government in the Second Century||501|
|XXVIII||The Age of the Severi||528|
|XXIX||Fifty Years of Anarchy||543|
|XXX||Autocracy, Diocletian, and Constantine||553|
|XXXI||The Causes of Rome's Decline||565|
These webpages transcribe my copy of the first edition (1923), Henry Holt and Company, New York (hardback). The book was copyrighted in that year, and the copyright was renewed in 1951; it therefore rose into the public domain on Jan. 1, 2019.
My copy of the book is marked on the flyleaf, and presumably once belonged to,
730 Heman Av.
The 1927 issue of the yearbook of Washington University (near St. Louis, Mo.), The Hatchet, includes this photograph of Irene Foster, then a senior, and her fellow members of the Tricornes, the Roman Chapter of Martha Washington Association. Copyright was not asserted in this handsome yearbook, but even if it had been, it was not renewed in 1954 or 1955 as required by the law of the time in order to maintain it: the photograph [3 MB] is thus public domain.
Summarizing her obituary in the Peoria Journal Star, April 22, 1994, page C8, as I found it on the site of the Genealogy Trails History Group, Eula Irene Foster Dintelman, known as Irene, was a lifelong native of western Illinois. She was born in Rushville, IL on Aug. 4, 1903 to Alpheus Guy and Grace Finch Foster and died on Apr. 22, 1994 in Peoria. She married Charles Joseph Dintelman on Dec. 27, 1938, in Rushville, who died in 1990. Graduating with honors from Washington University in St. Louis in 1926 and Phi Beta Kappa, she went on to teach Latin, English and history at Highland High School in Highland, IL. She was a member of First United Presbyterian Church and was active with the Schuyler Jail Museum & Genealogical Center, both in Rushville.
For citation and indexing purposes, the pagination is shown in the right margin of the text at the page turns (like at the end of this line); p57 these are also local anchors. Sticklers for total accuracy will of course find the anchor at its exact place in the sourcecode.
In addition, I've inserted a number of other local anchors: whatever links might be required to accommodate the authors' own cross-references, as well as a few others for my own purposes. If in turn you have a website and would like to target a link to some specific passage of the text, please let me know: I'll be glad to insert a local anchor there as well.
As almost always, I retyped the text by hand rather than scanning it — not only to minimize errors prior to proofreading, but as an opportunity for me to become intimately familiar with the work, an exercise which I heartily recommend: Qui scribit, bis legit. (Well-meaning attempts to get me to scan text, if successful, would merely turn me into some kind of machine: gambit declined.)
My transcription has been minutely proofread. In the table of contents below, the sections are shown on blue backgrounds, indicating that I believe the text of them to be completely errorfree; a red background would mean that the page had not been proofread. As elsewhere onsite, the header bar at the top of each chapter's webpage will remind you with the same color scheme.
The running text of the printed book was well proofread, with fewer than a dozen typographical errors, all of them trivial, and therefore marked only by a dotted underscore : as elsewhere on my site, glide your cursor over the underscored words to read the variant.
Before measurements, bullets indicate conversions to metric; glide your cursor over them in a similar fashion to read them; e.g., •10 miles.
A small number of odd spellings, curious turns of phrase, etc. have been marked <!‑‑ sic in the sourcecode, just to confirm that they were checked.
Any other mistakes, please drop me a line, of course: especially if you have a copy of the printed book in front of you.
The icon I use to indicate this subsite is an adaptation of the official seal of Prof. Frank's home state of Kansas, in which I replaced the pioneer plowing his field with horses by an ancient Roman working with oxen (an image taken from Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, q.v.); the whole on the same background used for this page and the orientation page to LacusCurtius, the Roman section of this site: shading from the pale blue I use to represent republican Rome, to the pale purple of imperial Rome.
Images with borders lead to more information.
The thicker the border, the more information. (Details here.)
A page or image on this site is in the public domain ONLY
if its URL has a total of one *asterisk.
If the URL has two **asterisks,
the item is copyright someone else, and used by permission or fair use.
If the URL has none the item is © Bill Thayer.
See my copyright page for details and contact information.
Site updated: 10 Dec 20