Short URL for this page:

[image ALT: Much of my site will be useless to you if you've got the images turned off!]
Bill Thayer

[image ALT: Cliccare qui per una pagina di aiuto in Italiano.]

[Link to a series of help pages]
[Link to the next level up]
[Link to my homepage]

 p268  Certi Actio, Incerti Actio

Article by George Long, M.A., Fellow of Trinity College
on pp268‑269 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

CERTI, INCERTI ACTIO, is a name which has been given by some modern writers to those actions in which a determinate or indeterminate sum, as the case may be, is mentioned in the formula (condemnatio certae pecuniae vel incertae, Gaius, IV.49, &c.).

The expression incerta formula, which occurs in Gaius (IV.54), implies a certa formula. With respect to the intentio, it may be called certa when the demand of the actor is determinate,  p269 whether it be a certain thing that he demands, or a certain sum of money (Gaius, IV.45, 47). The intentio is incerta when the claim is not of a definite thing or something, but is expressed by the words quidquid, &c. (Gaius, IV.47, 136, 137). In the compilations of Justinian, where the expressions incerti actio, incerta actio, incertum judicium occur, they specially apply to the actio praescriptis verbis, which contained an incerta intentio and condemnatio. (Actio; Savigny, System, &c. vol. V p74).

[image ALT: Valid HTML 4.01.]

Page updated: 26 Jan 20