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 p564  Fuscina

Article by James Yates, M.A., F.R.S.,
on p564 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

FU′SCINA (τρίαινα), a trident; more commonly called tridens, meaning tridens stimulus, because it was originally a three-pronged goad, used to incite horses to greater swiftness. Neptune was supposed to be armed with it when he drove his chariot, and it thus became his usual attribute, perhaps with an allusion also to the use of the same instrument in harpooning fish. It is represented in the cut on p276 (Hom. Il. XII.27, Od. IV.506, V.292; Virg. Georg. I.13, Aen. I.138, 145, II.610; Cic. de Nat. Deor. I.36; Philost. Imag. II.14). The trident was also attributed to Nereus (Virg. Aen. II.418) and to the Tritons (Cic. de Nat. Deor. II.35; Mart. Spect. XXVI.3).

In the contests of gladiators the Retiarius was armed with a trident (Juv. II.148, VIII.203). [Gladiator]

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Page updated: 2 Oct 06