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Bill Thayer

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The entries on pp565‑585 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.


Gaesum: [Hasta.]

Galea: see separate page.


Galerus: see separate page.

Galli: see separate page.

Gamelia • Gamos • Gamori

Ganea: [Caupona.]

Gausapa: see separate page.

Geleontes • Gelotopoii • Genesia

GENIUS. See Dict. of Gr. and Rom. Biography.


Gens: see separate page.



Geomori • Geraerae • Geranos

Germani: [Cognati.]


GERRHA (γέῤῥα), in Latin, Gerrae, properly signified any thing made of wicker-work, and was especially used as the name of the Persian shields, which were made of wicker-work, and were smaller and shorter than the Greek shields (ἀντὶ ἀσπίδων, γέῤῥα, Herod. VII.61, IX.61; Xen. Anab. II.1 § 6; Festus, s.vv. cerrones, gerrae).

Gladiatores: see separate page.

Gladius: see separate page.

Glandes: [Funda.]

GNOMON. [Horologium.]

Gomphi: [Via.]


GRADUS (βῆμα), a step, as a measure of length, was half a pace (passus) and contained 2-½ feet, Greek and Roman respectively, and therefore the Greek βῆμα was rather more, and the Roman gradus rather less, than 2-½ feet English. (See the Tables.) [P. S.]

Gradus cognationis: [Cognati.]

GRAECOSTASIS, a place in the Roman forum, on the right of the Comitium, was so called because the Greek ambassadors, and perhaps also deputies from other foreign or allied states, were allowed to stand there to hear the debates. The Graecostasis was, as Niebuhr remarks, like privileged seats in the hall of a parliamentary assembly. The Stationes Municipiorum, of which Pliny speaks (H. N. XVI.44 s86), appear to have been places allotted to municipals for the same purpose. When the sun was seen from the Curia coming out between the Rostra and the Graecostasis, it was mid-day; and an accensus of the consul announced the time with a clear loud voice. (Plin. H. N. VII.60, XXXIII.1 s6; Cic. ad Q. Fr. II.1; Varr., L. L. V.155, ed. Müller; Niebuhr, Hist. of Rome, vol. II, note 116.)

For more complete information, see the article in Platner and Ashby's Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome.


Grammatophylacium: [Tabularium.]


Graphiarium: [Stilus.]

Graphis: [Pictura.]

Graphium: [Stilus.]

GREGORIANUS CODEX. [Codex Gregorianus.]


Groma: [Agrimensores, Castra.]

Grosphos: [Hasta.]

Gubernaculum: [Navis.]

Gustatio: [Coena.]

Guttus: see separate page.

Gymnasiarches: [Gymnasium.]

Gymnasium: see separate page.

Gymnastes: [Gymnasium, p581B.]


Gymnopaedia: see separate page.

Gynaeconitis • Gynaeconomi

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Page updated: 1 May 18