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Bill Thayer

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 p566  Galerus

Unsigned article on p566 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

GALE′RUS or GALE′RUM, was originally a covering for the head worn by priests, especially by the flamen dialis (Gell. X.15; Serv. ad Virg. Aen. II.683). It appears to have been a round cap made of leather, with its top ending in an apex or point. [See cut on p102.] The word is probably connected with galea, a helmet. In course of time the name was applied to any kind of cap fitting close to the head like a helmet (Virg. Aen. VII.688; Virg. Moret. 121; Suet. Ner. 26). Galerus and its diminutive Galericulum are also used to signify a covering for the head made of hair, and hence a wig (Juv. Sat. VI.120, with the Schol.; Suet. Oth. 12; Mart. XIV.50).

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