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Bill Thayer

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 p835  Opalia

Unsigned article on p835 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

OPA′LIA, a Roman festival in honour of Opis,​a which was celebrated on the 14th day before the Calends of January (Dec. 19th), being the third day of the Saturnalia, which was also originally celebrated on the same day, when only one day was devoted to the latter festival. It was believed that Opis was the wife of Saturnus, and for this reason the festivals were celebrated at the same time (Macrob. Sat. I.10º; Varr. de Ling. Lat. VI.22, ed. Müller; Festus, s.v. Opalia). The worshippers of Opis paid their vows sitting, and touched the earth on purpose, of which she was the goddess (Macrob. l.c.).

Thayer's Note:

a Opis: thus Smith's article thruout. The usual spelling is Ops; Opis is normally a genitive.

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