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 p861  Pandia

Article by Leonhard Schmitz, Ph.D., F.R.S.E., Rector of the High School of Edinburgh
on p861 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

PA′NDIA (πάνδια), an Attic festival, the real character of which seems to have been a subject of dispute among the ancients themselves; for according to the Etymologicum M. (s.v. Πάνδια: comp. Phot. s.v.), some derived it from Pandia, who is said to have been a goddess of the moon (this is also Wachsmuth's opinion, II p485); others from the Attic king Pandion; others again from the Attic tribe Dias, so that the Pandia would have been in the same relation to this tribe as the Panathenaea to Athens: and others from Διός, and call it a festival of Zeus. Welcker (Aeschyl. Trilog. p303) considers it to have been originally a festival of Zeus celebrated by all the Attic tribes, analogous to the Panathenaea, and thinks that when the confederacy, of which this festival was as it were the central point, became dissolved, the old festival remained, though its character was changed. It was celebrated at Athens in the time of Demosthenes (c. Mid. p517). Taylor in his note on this passage strangely confounds it with the Diasia, though it is well known that this festival was held on the 19th of Munychion, while the Pandia took place on the 14th of Elaphebolion. (Compare Suidas and Hesych. s.v. Πάνδια; Böckh, Abhandl. der Berlin, Akademie, 1818, p65, &c.).

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