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 p1148  Tribunal

Article by Philip Smith, B.A., of the University of London
on p1148 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

TRIBUNAL (βῆμα), a raised platform, or, to use the term adopted from the French, tribune, on which the praetor and judices sat in the Basilica. It is described under Basilica (p199).

There was a tribunal in the camp, which was generally formed of turf, but sometimes, in a stationary camp, of stone, from which the general addressed the soldiers, and where the consul and tribunes of the soldiers administered justice. When the general addressed the army from the tribunal, the standards were planted in front of it, and the army placed around it in order. The address itself was called Allocutio (Plut. Pomp. 41; Lipsius, de Milit. Rom. IV.9; Castra).

tribunal was sometimes erected in honour of a deceased imperator, as, for example, the one raised to the memory of Germanicus (Tacit. Ann. II.83).

Pliny (H. N. XVI.1) applies the term to embankments against the sea.

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