[image ALT: Much of my site will be useless to you if you've got the images turned off!]
Bill Thayer

[image ALT: Cliccare qui per una pagina di aiuto in Italiano.]

[Link to a series of help pages]
[Link to the next level up]
[Link to my homepage]

 p1197  Villicus

Article by Philip Smith, B.A., of the University of London
on pp1197‑1198 of

William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.

VILLICUS (ἐπίτροπος in Greek writers, Plut. Crass. 4), a slave who had the superintendence  p1198 of the villa rustica, and of all the business of the farm, except the cattle, which were under the care of the magister pecoris (Varro, R. R. I.2). The duties of the villicus were to obey his master implicitly, and to govern the other slaves with moderation, never to leave the villa except to go on market, to have no intercourse with soothsayers, to take care of the cattle and the implements of husbandry, and to manage all the operations of the farm (Cato, R. R. 5.142). His duties are described at great length by Columella (XI.1, and I.8), and those of his wife (villica) by the same writer (XII.1), and by Cato (c143).

The word was also used to describe a person to whom the management of any business was entrusted (see the passage quoted in Forcellini's Lexicon).

[image ALT: Valid HTML 4.01.]

Page updated: 10 Oct 07